~ ST. MARY-DE-CASTRO ~

AN ANCIENT CHURCH

Built 618...Demolished c. 1486

CANTERBURY

A division between St. Andrew, St. Mary Bredman, Burgate (maybe St. Mary Magdalene) *seems to also be some from the parish of St. Mildred (St. Mary De Castro was united with St. Mildred)

CCA-DCc-ChAnt/C/775-780 This section of charters relates to St Mary de Castro parish, Canterbury. DCc-Register/A, f399r contains 1 charter for St Mary de Castro. Other charters for St Mary de Castro are registered in the Canterbury divers places and St Mildred's sections of DCc-Register/A and DCc-Register/E. - Canterbury Cathedral Archives

"St. Mary de Castro church, so called from its situation near the castle, and to distinguish it from the other St. Mary churches in this city, has long been desolated, the chancel only of it being left standing, to the repair of which one Roger RIDLEY, by his will anno 1470 gave four pounds. Time was, when it was as absolute a parish church as any about this city, and though before the reformation it seems not to have been in a very flourishing condition, yet that change in religious ceremonies was very probably the cause of this church's still further decay and desolation; for offerings, altarages, and such profits, of which this benefice chiefly consisted, and from which the maintenance of the incumbent was in great measure drawn being this change abolished, there was not from other matters a sufficient competency left for him, so that it became soon afterwards deserted, and was united to St. Mildred's and has been ever since esteemed as part of that parish. To this church was united in 1449, the neighbouring small church of St. John, long since likewise desolated...."HT

*there was in 1484 a cemetery belonging to this church, for Alice wife of Michael a Wood of Wincheap, by her will proved that year, ordered to be buried in it.

Churchwarden of St Mary de Castro presented for not enclosing the space in front of the parson's house where there was a well dangerous to children in which three hogs were drowned - Quarter Sessions 1502-3, CCA

1542. Three bells are sold to the parishioners of Nether Hardres, out of the church of St. Mary Castle. HT

 

The White Hart Pub possibly where St. Mary De Castro used to Stand with the graveyard on the left

 

"John Brent writes " In respect of St. Mary de Castro, the district over which it presided is still extra parochial; and as mention is made, A.D. 1542 of three bells being sold to the parishioners of Lower Hardres, we may conclude that about that period the church was dismantled."

"The Church of St. Mary Castle or De Castro, long fallen into nothingness, and the parish united with that of St. Mildred." Somner

"This church, says Somner, "stood much about the upper end of that lane leading from Castle street, which at this day we call the Back lane, but was thence anciently called St. John's lane. It being come into private hands is, and hath being of a long time, profaned into a malt house." Directory 1847 * this quote from the directory actually refers to St. John the Poor and NOT St. Mary de Castro

"But to return to the greater mound, and to the Dane John. In a portion of the latter was the "Black Dike," abutting almost on the precincts of the Church of St. Mary de Castro."

"The Church of St. Mildred is valued in the antient taxation at eight marcs per annum. This Rectory, with that of the antient desecrated church of St. Mary de Castro or of the Castle is valued in the king's books at 17l. 17s. 11d and the yearly tenths at 1l. 15s. 91/2d. In 1588 it was valued at fifty pounds. Communicants three hundred and sixty. In 1640 it was valued at seventy pounds. Communicants one hundred.

Archbishop Sandcroft by his decree dated Sept 29, 1684, united the rectory of All Saints in this city with St. Mary de Castro, of the king's partonage likwise to this of St. Mildred, in which state it continues at this time." Ht.

___

The White Hart, built on what they believe was the site of the old St. Mary de Castro Church

 

"St. Mary's Church was erected A.D. 618 by Eadbald, son of Ethelbert, at the instance of Laurence, archbishop." "For notice of the existence of the church of St. Mary, A.D. 804, see the quotation from Somner in the Note on Liminge. "Twenty churches were antiently in this city and the suburbs thereof; seventeen whereof, viz. St. Alphage, St. Andrew, St. Mary Bredman, St. Mary Breeden, Holy Cross Westgate, St. George, St. Margaret, St. Mary Magdalen, St. Mary Northgate, St. Mildred, St. Peter, All Saints, St. Mary Castle, St. Edmund, St. John, St. Mary Queeningate, and St. Michael, were in the city. And the other three viz. St. Dunstan, St. Martin, and St. Paul, were in the suburbs. All which parishes are still in being, except St. Mary Castle, St. Edmund, St. John, St. Mary Queeningate, and St. Michael, which are demolished." (Kilburne, 301) Notes on the churches in the counties of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey 1852

 

The entrance to St. Mary De Castro Churchyard...these posts were apparently made by the Bigglestons

 

The graveyard high-lighted in pink is St. Mary de Castro (detail from 1907 Ordanance Survey map)

 

St. Mary De Castro Churchyard looking towards Castle Row (showing the gravestones in the background against the wall)

 

__

Sacred

To the Memory of

Susanah the Wife of Richard Allen

who departed this life March 3

1825 Aged 24 years

Also of MARY Wife of

Richard Allen Senr.

who departed this life

December 8th 1849

aged 69 years

*burial of a Mary ALLEN Dec, 15, 1849, age 69 of Rosemary Lane, parish of St. Mildred

$ Was A Mary ALLEN age c.65 Independent born in County in Stour Street, also a Mary ALLEN age c.65 in St. Peter's Street...was also A Richard ALLEN c.55 with wife Mary ALLEN c. 55 and son William ALLEN c. 10

 

IN

MEMORY

OF

SOPHIA H__R_H(?)

DIED 2(3)? M?.....

 

Gravestones in St. Mary De Castro Churchyard

 

.....

.....

.....

......

who died

Dec ye 9th 1759

Aged 66 Years

Also the above

John ?.....

....

 

SACRED

TO THE MEMORY OF

MARTHA ANNE BUTCHER

WHO DIED 20TH NOVEMBER 1833

AGED 21 YEARS

5 MONTHS

There is a Mary Ann Butcher aged 21 years who was buried 02 December 1833. She lived in Wincheap and her burial is recorded in St Mildred's parish (Thanks Tricia)

*RE: Burial records, I find it interesting that this stone noted as St. Mildred's is here in St. Mary de Castro and under Mary Ann Butcher (stone reads Martha Ann)

 

St. Mary De Castro Churchyard

... here lieth ye Body

...... wife of

.... Plomer the

.....

Aged 50 Years

.....he

..... died

.....

.....

....

.....

 

 

Sacred

to the Memory of

ROSE HANNAH

Wife of William D[ixon]

[and daughter of]

[Charles? and Jane Gaskin]

of this Parish

who departed this life

[July 7] 1840 aged 6[?] years

script ....

script .....

rest of the stone is buried

*Rosanna DIXON buried July 13, 1840 age 69 years of Castle Row, burial noted in the parish of St. Mildred

*marriage of a William DIXON and a Rose Hannah GASKIN at St. Mildreds on November 19, 1794

 

St. Mary De Castro Churchyard


IN MEMORY OF

GEORGE SON OF

GEORGE PLOMER

LATE ALDERMAN OF THIS CITY

AND JANE HIS WIFE

SHE DIED APRIL 16TH [????]

AGED __ YEARS

ALSO ......

ANOTHER? .....

[top broken off - see above]

SURVIVE....

OF THE ABOVE

GEORGE AND JANE PLOMER

SHE DIED JULY 27 1824

AGED 69 YEARS

LIKEWISE GEORGE PLOMER ESQr

HE DIED DECEMBER 14th 1836

AGED 77 YEARS

AND ALSO

GEORGE PLOMER ESQ.

OF THIS CITY

SON OF THE ABOVE NAMED

[balance of the stone is in the ground]

*burial of a George Plomer December 20th, 1836 aged 77 of High Street, buried at St. Mary Breadman

*burial of a George Plomer Feb 15, 1844 age 50 years of St. Peter's Street, burial noted as St. Mildred

*burial of a Catherine Plomer August 2, 1824, age 69 years of High Street, burial noted as St. Mary Breadman

 

St. Mary De Castro Churchyard gravestones

 

SACRED

TO

THE MEMORY OF

REBECCA WEAR

OF THE DANE JOHN GROVE

WHO DIED

ON THE 18th OF APRIL 1844

[flaked off] YEARS

In St Mildred's PRs there is a Rebecca Wear of Dane John aged 80 years buried on 25 April 1844
In St Mary Breadman PRs there is a Rebecca Wear baptised on 22 May 1763 - D of Thomas & Elizabeth WEAR
(thanks to Tricia for this)


Possibly Mr John HUNT

*possible only...burial of a John HUNT June 19, 1764, age not given, address not given, parish of St. Mildred (there were two others, but one was of Holy Cross the other St. Alphage)

 

IN MEMORY OF

WILLIAM ROGERS

LATE OF THIS CITY WHO DIED DEC.

22nd 1749 AGED 38 YEARS

ALSO OF ELIZABETH RELICT OF

THE ABOVE WHO DIED 28TH JULY 1786

AGED 76 YEARS

IN HOPES OF A JOYFULL RESURRECTION

THEY LEFT SURVIVING

THEIR ONLY DAUGHTER ELIZABETH

WHO HATH CAUSED THIS TO BE ERECTED

TO THEIR MEMORY

*burial of an Elizabeth Rogers, August 2, 1786, age not given, address not given, parish of St. Andrews

 

In Memory of

WILLIAM TADHUNTER

Who died March 2nd 1851

Aged 58 Years

*Poll book 1830, William TADHUNTER, St. Andrew's, Canterbury, Hairdresser

*was a William TADHUNTER that married Mary STEED both of this parish (banns), April 20, 1790 (St. George the Martyr) witness, Stephen Lucas, W. Evernden (this William Tadhunter could be his father) "I am related to the Tadhunters of Canterbury and can confirm that William Tadhunter is the son of William and Mary (Steed) Tadhunter." Thanks to a lovely visitor to the site for this confirmation

Christening of a William Tadhunter May 13, 1792, at St. Andrew, in Canterbury to William and Mary Tadhunter (was a few other christenings with this couple: John 1794, Robert 1795, Maria 1797, Mary Elizabeth at St. Margaret's Feb 13, 1791.)

burial of a William TADHUNTER, March, 7, 1851, age 59, living at St. Margaret's street, parish church St. Andrews

was also a burial of a Mary Ann Susanna Tadhunter, July 13, 1828 age 2 weeks of St. Margarets Street, parish church St. Andrews

 

 

No. 133

ELIZABETH

wife of Thomas Col[....]

of this Parish

who departed this life

February 20 1816 aged [??] Years

Also of the above named

THOMAS [C]OL[?]_AN

who departed this life 1 of Novr

18[??] aged 8[0] Years

I found a burial of Elizabeth Colbran Feb 27, 1816 age 59 years of Wincheap, burial noted as parish of St. Mildred

*burial of Thomas Colbran November 6, 1835 age 80 years of Wincheap, burial noted as parish of St. Mildred

 

E. C.

1837

 

...................

died ... 1861

aged 62 years

 

Broken Stone

lieth ye Body of

[....]ard Johnson

died Nov 1[4]th

[rest is broken off]

*possible....Richard JOHNSON, November 14, 1762 burial noted in St. Mildred's parish (more likely)

*possible....Richard JOHNSON, November 2, 1761 burial noted in St. Margaret's parish

 

M. S.

1794

 

Unknown

 

R. C.

1828

 

Unknown piece of tombstone

 

Unknown, no visible writing

SACRED

to the memory of

MARY ANN? the B...

of ... .....Woo..

....

died November 30 18[5]7

Aged [7]6 Years

EDWARD MOB[BE]

....

....

 

top is unreadable

who died ..... 1801[?]

and one son WILLIAM

 

... wife

died June 27 18[23]

aged 82 Years

 

_

(top is unreadable)

ELIZ. M_______N

who departed this

life Aug 2 A.D. 17[4]4

 

No. 97

..2 Daught

 

No. 124

Here lieth ye body

of JANE ye wife of

THOMAS P... who

departed this life

Octr 23d 1727 Aged

58 Years

 


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